Look no further!

 Sun Ovens are
In Stock!

We have stock of   
Kelly Kettles

Big & Royal Berkeys  

Above are In Stock !

Home Up Home Products Glossary Contents About / Contact

Battery Aging

Common Causes of Lead Acid Storage Battery Failure


  •  Continuous operation of a battery in a partial state of charge (sulphation).  Most people do not understand that the nominal battery voltage and the fact that batteries recently charged over represent their state of charge  e.g. is not the full charged voltage, see table below.
  •  Not allowing the batteries to reach a full state of charge after use (sulphation)
  •  Storing a battery in a partial state of charge (causes hardened sulphation)
  •  Continuous low charging voltage may cause stratification of the electrolyte causing the formation of lead sulfate (sulphation)


  •  Continuous-charging by a poorly designed battery charger causing:
    • corrosion of the positive plates
    • excessive water consumption
    • overheating

    Boat and RV converters are the worst culprits when it comes to overcharging batteries.


  •  Water is lost during the charging process which may cause irreparable damage if the electrolyte level is allowed to drop below the top of the plates. The portion of the lead plates uncovered by electrolyte will form corrosion that insulates the battery plates from the electrolyte when the battery is filled once more.


  • Excessive watering of a battery results in additional dilution of the electrolyte resulting in reduced battery capacity.

OFF-GRID, THERE IS NO RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BATTERY VOLTAGE AND STATE OF CHARGE. Unless the battery has been left without charging or discharge for four to five hours.  Specific Gravity as measured by a hydrometer is the only exact way to measure current state of charge.

Nominal Voltage Fully Charged Volts & SG Depleted Volts & SG
12 V 13.8 V   1.255 1.275  SG 12 V 1.130-1.110
241V 27.6 V   1.255 1.275  SG 24 V 1.130-1.110
48 V 55.2 V   1.255 1.275  SG 48 V 1.130-1.110

Don't take your battery to the depleted voltage Volts or Specific Gravity!

WARNING: Never add acid to a battery.

Home Up Home Products Glossary Contents About / Contact


Contact Us: Telephone:  toll free at 1-888-810-4709 Parry Sound,Northern Ontario,Muskoka and Georgian Bay
Send mail
info.stratenergy@gmail.com with questions or comments about our product or web site.

Ontario,Canada Copyright 2022, STRATEnerGY Inc.    All Rights Reserved Caribbean and US
Last modified: January 12, 2023