Lead Acid Battery Classification
Lead acid batteries are
classified by what they are used for and by construction. The most common flooded
lead acid battery
application is automotive in which the battery is briefly hit with high amperage starting
the alternator takes care of the rest: lights etc. Deep cycle applications
where there is a long duration with lower amperage load are usually broken down into specific
applications such as RV, golf cart, renewable energy, industrial and marine.
Batteries designed for backup systems are designed for long duration standby and
have different chemicals added for this reason.
Gel batteries are not recommend for off-grid because they do not release their charge as quick as may be required and they can only be charged gently as any air bubble created by hard charging or overcharge can create voids against the plates. Such a void remains for the lifetime of the battery. .
VRLA and AGM are generally 2 to 3 times as expensive as flooded, and the cycle lifetime is usually similar. So why and where would these batteries be used?
Lighted buoys, sailboat batteries.. are two examples of areas where AGM batteries are frequently used.
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