Lead Acid Battery
(Flooded batteries only)
Equalizing is an overcharge performed on flooded lead acid batteries after they
have been fully charged. It reverses the build-up of negative chemical effects
like stratification, a condition where acid concentration is greater at the
bottom of the battery than at the top. Equalizing also helps to remove sulphate
crystals that might have built up on the plates. If left unchecked, this
condition, called sulphation, will reduce the overall capacity of the battery.
Experts recommend that batteries be equalized periodically, ranging anywhere
from once a month to once or twice per year. However, We only recommend
equalizing when low or wide ranging specific gravity (± .015) are detected after
full battery charge. Equalizing is hard on the batteries but a
necessary maintenance procedure.
* GEL= A lead acid battery with a gelling compound added to
the electrolyte to make the battery spill-proof.
**AGM= Absorbed Glass Mat
VRLA batteries which are semi-sealed with a valve that limits internal
pressure may be equalized. It is almost impossible to replace lost water
due to repeated venting. Check with your battery manufacturer.
Benefits of an equalizing
(uneven concentration of electrolyte) is eliminated.
Reduction or elimination of
sulfation crystals on the plates.
Restores battery capacity lost
due to sulfation.
Step by Step Equalization:
batteries are flooded type.
Start with a
fully charged battery that isn't hot from just being charged up.
electrolyte is at proper level.
that there is sufficient ventilation. Explosive Oxygen and Hydrogen gasses are
emitted during equalization.
loads from the batteries.
or inverter/charger for the equalizing voltage.
will begin gassing and bubbling vigorously.
specific gravity readings every hour when the specific gravity has not dropped
for the last hour the equalization is complete.
monitor battery temperatures with particular attention to temperature
difference between batteries.
is complete when specific gravity values no longer rise during the gassing
Reminder, great care must
be taken. Venting of the Explosive gases is really important. Also
extremely important is to protect your eyes and skin from the corrosive
sulfuric acid electrolyte.
Many chargers do not have an equalization setting therefore this procedure may not
be able to be performed by your charger.